4 Common Treatment Options for Depression
The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration reports that more than 15 million Americans experience at least a major episode of depression every year. Also, women are at a higher risk of depression San Diego than men. Also called clinical depression or major depressive disorder, depression is the leading cause of disability in the country, affecting mainly Americans aged 15-44.
The depression symptoms may vary from mild to severe, lasting about two weeks. Some of the common signs that may indicate you have depression are loss of interest or pleasure in regular activities or hobbies, increased fatigue, unusual change in weight, appetite changes, suicidal thoughts and attempts, sleep problems, and cognitive difficulties.
If your symptoms occur almost daily and last for about two weeks, go to your doctor for a diagnosis. Remember that many mental health and medical conditions produce symptoms similar to depression.
Conditions that may trigger signs associated with depression may include anemia, anxiety, ADHD, bipolar disorder, chronic fatigue syndrome, PTSD, vitamin D deficiency, thyroid problems, and brain tumors.
Once diagnosed with depression, your health provider will recommend a treatment plan. Consequently, below are the common treatment options for depression.
As a common medication, antidepressants like Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) stimulate the production of more neurotransmitters. Neurotransmitters are chemical signals that the brain makes and releases. The chemical messengers carry messages from one nerve cell to another nerve cell, a muscle cell, or a gland.
Increasing the neurotransmitters in circulation in the body can help disrupt pain signals that nerves send. Therefore, the medication relieves long-lasting pain, which improves your mood and emotion.
Although antidepressants may relieve depression, they will not address the underlying cause. Therefore, your doctor may advise that you combine antidepressants with other treatments.
Also called talk therapy, psychotherapy is a potential treatment for depression. It involves verbal communication and interaction with your psychotherapist.
Talking with a trained mental health care professional may help you identify and overcome destructive behavioral patterns or negative thoughts.
A popular approach your psychotherapist may utilize is cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). CBT involves identifying and changing incorrect perceptions about you and your environment. A therapist can assist you in avoiding making wrong or right assumptions about yourself and others.
Your treatment may take a few weeks or longer to get relief from your depression. You may often need several therapy sessions before witnessing significant improvements.
- Electroconvulsive therapy
Electroconvulsive therapy is done under general anesthesia, and it involves passing small electric currents through the brain. As a result, a short-term seizure trigger alters the brain chemistry to quickly reverse depression symptoms or symptoms of other mental health conditions.
Apart from depression, electroconvulsive therapy can also help treat other mental issues, such as bipolar disorder, catatonia, and schizophrenia.
- Coping mechanisms
You can reduce depression symptoms by adopting self-help and coping mechanisms. Some strategies that may make you cope with depression may include performing regular exercises, eating healthily, maintaining social connections, depending on others, getting adequate sleep, and avoiding alcohol.
Contact MindSet today to schedule an appointment with a depression specialist.