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Types Of Dental & Oral Diseases & How To Prevent Them?


Since we use our teeth and mouths for so many things, it’s not shocking that many things can go wrong with them over time, particularly if they aren’t properly cared for. The majority of dental and oral issues can be avoided by practicing good oral hygiene.

In this article, Dr. Kartik Poonja who is one of the best dentist practicing in Navi Mumbai will discuss about a few common dental problems & how you can avoid them with the help of proper oral care. He will also share an oral care guide for men, women & children.

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Following are a few of the common yet dangerous dental problem as stated by Dr. Kartik-

•        Cavities

Caries, or tooth decay, is another name for cavities. There are tooth areas that have been permanently damaged and may have gaps in them. Cavities are a fairly normal phenomenon. They happen when bacteria, food, and acid combine to form plaque on your teeth. The acid on your teeth eats away at the enamel, then the dentin, or connective tissue behind it. This can cause irreversible harm over time.

•        Gum disease (gingivitis)

Gingivitis, or gum disease, is an infection of the gums. It’s normally caused by plaque accumulation on your teeth as a result of bad brushing and flossing habits. When you brush or floss, gingivitis will cause your gums to swell and bleed. Gingivitis left untreated will progress to periodontitis, a more severe infection.

•        Periodontitis

The infection will spread to your jaw and bones as periodontitis progresses. It can also set off a chain reaction of inflammation in the body.

•        Cracked or broken teeth

An injury to the mouth, eating hard foods, or grinding the teeth at night may all cause a tooth to crack or break. A broken tooth is excruciatingly painful. If you have a cracked or broken tooth, you must see your dentist right away.

•        Sensitive teeth

If you have sensitive teeth, you can experience pain or discomfort after eating or consuming cold or hot foods or beverages. Dentin hypersensitivity is another name for tooth sensitivity. It can happen after a root canal or a filling, but only for a short time. It may also be caused by cracked tooth, gum disease or receding gums. If you have this issue, look

for toothpaste and mouthwash that are specially formulated for people who have sensitive teeth.

•        Oral cancer

Oral cancers affect the gums, tongue, lips, cheeks, and mouth floor, as well as the hard and soft palate. The first person to notice oral cancer is generally a dentist. The most significant risk factor for oral cancer is tobacco use, such as smoking and chewing tobacco. In general, the sooner oral cancer is detected, the better the chances of recovery.

What men should know about dental care

Men are less likely than women to take good care of their teeth and gums. Men are less likely than women to brush twice a day, floss daily, and seek preventive dental treatment. Men are more likely to develop oral and throat

cancer. Men with a history of periodontal disease are 14 percent more likely than men with healthy gums to develop other forms of cancer, according to a 2008 report. It’s important for men to realize the effects of bad oral health and take action early in their lives.

What women should know about dental care

Women are at risk for a number of oral health problems as their hormones change during their lives. During her periods, a woman can develop mouth sores or swollen gums when she first begins menstruating. Increased hormones can influence the amount of saliva produced by the mouth during pregnancy. Morning sickness can cause tooth decay if you vomit regularly. Lower estrogen levels during menopause will increase the risk  of gum disease. During menopause, some women can develop a condition known as burning mouth syndrome (BMS).

Keeping your teeth and gums healthy

Oral hygiene is a product of overall health and common sense. The easiest ways to keep your mouth healthy are to:

  • Clean your teeth at least twice a day with fluoride toothpaste.
  • At least once a day, floss (one of the most beneficial things you can do to prevent disease in your oral cavity)
  • every six months, get your teeth cleaned by a dental professional
  • tobacco products should be avoided
  • stick to a high-fiber, low-fat, low-sugar diet rich in fruits and vegetables.
  • Sugary snacks and beverages should be avoided. Condiments like ketchup and barbecue sauce, sliced fruit, and applesauce in cans or jars with added sugars are examples of foods with secret sugars.

These are the tips for maintaining your oral health. But your child needs some extra care as creating a good oral care habit is necessary for better oral health of your child. So following are the tips for your child’s dental care shared by Dr. Kartik.

How to manage your child’s dental care?

Dental cavities and tooth decay are very common in children, particularly those who are bottle fed. Too much sugar left on the teeth after bottle feeding may cause cavities. Early childhood caries (ECC) is another name for baby bottle tooth decay. To stop tooth decay from a baby bottle, follow these steps:

  • Bottle-feeding should be done only at mealtimes.
  • Stop bottle-feeding once they are one year old.
  • If you must bottle-feed at bedtime, fill the bottle with only water.
  • Start brushing with a soft baby toothbrush once their baby teeth start to come in.
  • You can only use water before your child learns not to swallow the toothpaste.
  • Ask your dentist about dental sealants and begin seeing a pediatric dentist on a regular basis.