Types of Minor Injuries, Prevention, and Treatment
Accidents often occur at home, school, or the workplace. You can address the pain and swelling for most of the resulting injuries using at-home remedies. However, you should consider visiting the Waxahachie Trinity Salem family health clinic if you notice worsening symptoms. Here’s what you need to know about minor injuries.
What are minor injuries?
Minor injuries may vary in severity depending on the trauma or environment. Alleviating symptoms may involve cleaning and dressing the site.
But more intensive interventions are necessary for severe cases. Wounds caused by chemicals may appear benign, but they could have far-reaching implications. Identifying severe or worsening conditions is critical for minimizing health risks.
Burns and scalds
You can treat minor burns by running cold water on the affected site. Avoid using freezing water as it may damage soft tissues. A doctor should examine cases of severe scalding to avoid infections and health complications.
Avoid using ointments or remedies on the scalded area. The oil can raise temperatures around the wound and promote inflammation.
Consider consulting a medical specialist if you notice redness, swelling, or pain hours after the burn incident. Pay attention to signs of shock, numbness, or tingling in the injured area. It is also advisable to visit your doctor if the burn is caused by electric shock or chemicals.
Other factors that may require a medical assessment include:
- Discoloration or white patches on the affected site
- The burn causes breathing difficulties
- The injured person has diabetes
- The burn is on the head, genitals, or face
Cuts and abrasions
Cuts and abrasions are common minor injuries that may vary in severity. You can treat mild to moderate cuts and abrasions by cleaning the wound and applying pressure. Wrap a cloth around the area and keep it tight for five minutes.
If the pressure does not stop the bleeding, repeat the process. Consult a doctor if the bleeding persists after the second attempt.
Consult your doctor if you experience the following:
- If you notice a fever
- Swelling worsens after cleaning and dressing the wound
- If the cut exposes the underlying bone
- If you have had tetanus in the last five years
- Numbness or the lack of sensation around the wound
Strains and sprains
A sprain occurs when ligaments are stretched and torn by trauma or joint misalignment. Ankle sprains are the most common type of strain, but the condition can affect other areas. It may cause redness, bruising, swelling, and loss of mobility.
You can relieve swelling and pain by applying a cold pack. Exercise can strengthen muscles and tendons to minimize the risk of a sprain.
However, avoid applying pressure on the affected area as it is critical for faster recovery. Raising the foot or wrist can promote circulation and facilitate healing.
Consider seeking medical help if you experience:
- Redness and swelling around the affected bones
- Numbness or worsening pain in the affected limb
- The area is unusually cold to the touch
- The foot cannot tolerate any pressure from your body
To schedule a minor injury consultation, contact Trinity Salem Family Health Clinic or book an appointment online today.