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What is SGOT: Meaning, Purpose & Procedure

Serum Glutamic-Oxaloacetic Transaminase (SGOT) is an acronym for the same enzyme, which can be found all over the body but is most prevalent in the liver. To diagnose or monitor chronic or acute hepatitis, in addition to monitoring pharmacological therapy that affects the liver, an AST SGOT blood test is frequently used. This test is only one of several that Personalabs offers to evaluate how well the liver is working.

What is the SGOT test? 

The serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase test is what the SGOT test refers to in its abbreviated form. Getting this test is typically required to get a full picture of the liver’s health. This test may also be referred to as the Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST) Test by some people. The SGOT test is used to evaluate the levels of two essential enzymes that are generated by the liver. Since it is a non-invasive test that only needs a tiny amount of blood to be drawn, this examination does not have any adverse effects on its subjects. As a result, a physician is better able to diagnose any preexisting liver conditions, along with mild to serious liver damage, by performing this test in conjunction with a full blood count.

The SGOT test is performed for what purpose?

The SGOT blood test is typically performed in conjunction with other liver tests by medical professionals to screen for and diagnose liver disorders. The SGOT protein is most commonly found in the liver as well as the heart. When there is an injury to the liver, SGOT might escape from the liver and enter the bloodstream. When this occurs, the SGOT test in the blood would be significantly greater than usual. Everyone must know what is SGOT for their health and growth. 

Additionally, SGOT can be found in the heart, kidneys, brain, and muscles. Increases in the SGOT test level are possible if any of these regions sustain damage.

What is the SGOT test procedure?

  • The expert will put a band on your arm to make the veins visible and put a needle into it. After that, they will sterilize the region before extracting blood from the vein using a needle to draw blood from it. 
  • They will just need one minute to collect the blood from your vein. After that, they will remove the elastic band from the region, apply cotton and medicine to the wound for a little while, and then cover it with a bandage. You won’t have any more problems.
  • You may get a little bruise that could be visible where the needle was inserted, but it will be healed within a few days. 
  • Now the blood sample will go for a test, it will be taken through different machines and the doctor will examine it directly as well as the report to let you know about the results. It could take 1-2 days to get the report of the test. 


The SGOT is a non-specific marker for liver disease that can be raised in a variety of conditions, including an infection of the liver caused by viruses, chemical hepatitis, systemic infection, gastrointestinal disorders, toxic illness of the liver, alcoholic liver disease, as well as numerous kinds of cancer which begin in or spread to the liver. To figure out what the actual issue is going to require further testing, including virus titers, a review of the gallbladder, a detailed medical history, and maybe either a liver biopsy or an ultrasound scan of the liver. As a result, the SGOT test is merely a screening test that the physician uses to determine whether or not further testing is necessary.